foul

foul
foul1 [ faul ] adjective *
▸ 1 dirty
▸ 2 not allowed by rules
▸ 3 angry
▸ 4 about weather
▸ 5 unpleasant/evil
▸ + PHRASES
1. ) very dirty, or smelling or tasting unpleasant:
What's that foul smell?
The air within the cell was foul.
foul-smelling/foul-tasting etc.: a foul-tasting medicine
2. ) a foul move or throw in a game is one that is not allowed by the rules
3. ) if someone has a foul TEMPER or is in a foul mood, they are angry about something and can be annoyed very easily
4. ) foul weather is very unpleasant, with rain, snow, or wind
5. ) MAINLY BRITISH SPOKEN very bad or unpleasant:
I thought his shirt was foul.
a ) LITERARY evil:
Foul deeds were afoot in the castle.
fall foul of
to do something that annoys someone or breaks a law or rule:
Farmers falling foul of the pesticide law face large fines.
foul language
swear words
╾ foul|ly adverb
=> CRY1, FAIR1
foul
foul 2 [ faul ] verb
1. ) intransitive to do something in a game that is not allowed by the rules
a ) transitive to do something to another player that is not allowed by the rules:
Johnson was fouled while trying to make a shot.
b ) intransitive or transitive to hit a ball outside the limits of the playing area during a game of baseball
2. ) transitive to make something very dirty:
The oil spillage fouled several miles of beaches.
3. ) foul or foul up intransitive or transitive to become twisted around part of a machine, engine, vehicle, etc. so that it cannot move
,foul `out phrasal verb intransitive
in basketball, to be forced to leave a game after committing more than the allowed number of fouls
,foul `up phrasal verb intransitive or transitive
1. ) to do something wrong or spoil something, especially by making mistakes
2. ) same as FOUL 2 3:
Watch out for driftwood which may foul up the boat's engine.
foul
foul 3 [ faul ] noun count
something that you do in a game or sport that is not allowed by the rules
a. foul or foul ball a ball that has been hit outside the limits of the playing area in a game of baseball

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Foul — (foul), a. [Compar. Fouler ( [ e]r); superl. {Foulest}.] [OE. foul, ful, AS. f[=u]l; akin to D. vuil, G. faul rotten, OHG. f[=u]l, Icel. f[=u]l foul, fetid; Dan. fuul, Sw. ful foul, Goth. f[=u]ls fetid, Lith. puti to be putrid, L. putere to stink …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • foul — [foul] adj. [ME < OE ful, akin to Ger faul, rotten, lazy < IE base * pū , * pu , to stink (< ? exclamation of disgust) > L putere, to rot, Gr pyon, PUS] 1. so offensive to the senses as to cause disgust; stinking; loathsome [a foul… …   English World dictionary

  • Foul — may refer to:*Foul (sports), an unfair or illegal sports act, including: **Foul (football), in football (soccer), an unfair act by a player as deemed by the referee **Professional foul, in football (soccer) or rugby, a deliberate act of foul play …   Wikipedia

  • foul — 〈[ faʊl] Adj.; nur präd. u. adv.; Sp.〉 regelwidrig, unfair, unsportlich [engl., „schmutzig, unrein, faul“] * * * foul [fa̮ul ] <Adj.> [engl. foul, eigtl. = schmutzig; hässlich, verw. mit ↑ faul] (Sport): regelwidrig, unfair, unsportlich …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Foul — 〈[ faʊl] n. 15; Sp.〉 Verstoß gegen die (allgemein anerkannten) Spielregeln [engl., „etwas Unreines, regelwidriger Schlag od. Stoß beim Sport“] * * * foul [fa̮ul ] <Adj.> [engl. foul, eigtl. = schmutzig; hässlich, verw. mit ↑ faul] (Sport):… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • foul — »regelwidrig«: Aus England, dem Mutterland des Fußballsports, wurde im 20. Jh. eine Reihe von Ausdrücken der Fußballersprache entlehnt. Die meisten davon wurden allerdings später durch Lehnübersetzungen ersetzt (beachte z. B. Aus ‹↑ aus› für engl …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Foul — »regelwidrig«: Aus England, dem Mutterland des Fußballsports, wurde im 20. Jh. eine Reihe von Ausdrücken der Fußballersprache entlehnt. Die meisten davon wurden allerdings später durch Lehnübersetzungen ersetzt (beachte z. B. Aus ‹↑ aus› für engl …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • foul — [adj1] disgusting, dirty abhorrent, abominable, base, contaminated, despicable, detestable, disgraceful, dishonorable, egregious, fetid, filthy, gross*, hateful, heinous, horrid, icky*, impure, infamous, iniquitous, loathsome, malodorous, mucky* …   New thesaurus

  • Foul — Foul, n. 1. An entanglement; a collision, as in a boat race. [1913 Webster] 2. (Baseball) See {Foul ball}, under {Foul}, a. [1913 Webster] 3. In various games or sports, an act done contrary to the rules; a foul stroke, hit, play, or the like.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Foul — [faul] das; s, s; Sport; (besonders bei Mannschaftsspielen) eine unsportliche und unerlaubte Behinderung des Gegners <ein böses, grobes, harmloses Foul; ein verstecktes Foul; ein Foul an jemandem begehen>: Der Schiedsrichter ahndete das… …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • foul — foul, foully The normal adverb from foul is foully (pronounced with both ls): • Jerome had done foully, but not so foully as he himself and all here believed Ellis Peters, 1993. The older form foul survives in the quasi adverbial expressions foul …   Modern English usage

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